You will need a local or regional or general anesthesia for shoulder replacement surgery. Your anesthesiologist will discuss the options before surgery. Feel free to ask questions for any concerns that you may have.
Local or regional anesthesis numbs the shoulder area while general anesthesia puts you to sleep. You will be placed on the operating table in what is often called a “beach-chair” position with your chest in 30 to 45° of inclination.
Shoulder replacement surgery is often done through an incision on the front of your shoulder, which is called an anterior approach. The surgeon cuts through the skin and then isolates the nerves and blood vessels and moves them to the side to protect them. The muscles are also moved to the side to give a complete view to the joint and allow the surgeon to replace the damaged parts of your shoulder joint. Your surgeon will discuss alternative surgical approaches, depending on your diagnosis, physical condition and lifestyle. Feel free to ask for more information on any concerns or questions you might have.